Broad Reach Foundation for Youth supports kids with many life challenges: poverty, broken family, health problems. We connect these kids with successful and good adults and teach them that they can be in charge of their life and become the Captains of their destiny.
Broad Reach delivers on its mission to provide leadership skills development program for these youth through the sport, science and mastery of sailing. Since 1998 we have worked with 2,500 youth. The youth come from shelters, the street, Autism Ontario, Epilepsy Toronto, poor neighbourhoods First Nations and the court diversion system. The justification for our wide community outreach is two-fold: not every kid will benefit from our experiential programming but every kid benefits from the experience. And when we say the word “benefit” we mean achievement of competency, courage and comfort to break the constraints of their personal circumstance.
In the end, only those with the right aptitude will persevere and continue on to scholarships, club memberships, athletic pursuits, education or work in the sector. These are the kids we foster through our work.
Our fleet comprises four Screamers 12M designed by Mike Kaufman. They are good training boats with speed, ease of handling, good stability and a large cockpit.
Last summer we sailed for the very first time with Native Canadian youth. It was remarkable how these kids handled the boats: with grace and natural ease of body and mind.
This book presents the works, sculptures and drawings of iconic West Coast sculptor, artist and boatbuilder Godfrey Stephens, as compiled by his niece. The photographs are beautiful, and the text is both comfortable and personal, highlighting the relationship between author and subject. Simply stunning and highly recommended.
Cooking aboard a boat is a challenge in good weather; in foul weather it becomes much more difficult but is no less necessary. Experienced cruiser and author June Raper, provides over 100 recipes, indexed by wind strength, so that boats’ cooks can provide easy, tasty, and nutritious meals to their crews in a variety of conditions.
This is a great book for anybody who is contemplating an international cruise. It is a straightforward guide, that includes honest discussions like “Should you go cruising?”, two chapters on financial planning for cruisers, and “A few things that you thought you needed but you don’t”. This is a great reference for the beginning planning stages.
Gold medal winning coach and sailor John Emmett presents his top twelve core concepts of successful sailing. Whether your aim is to do be a successful club, national or international racer, this book will help you achieve your goal. It will help you set future targets, create challenging exercises, improve your strategy, tactics and sailhandling as well as other important skills. Helming to Win
by Nick Craig
Nick Craig provides this guide on racing tactics and helming. Topics include ‘where to look’, or how to watch the fleet to see opportunities, tricks for improving mental focus on the race, as well as many other tips. The author uses photo sequences to illustrate his lessons.
The authors of the popular Phoenix from the Ashes continue their account of their eventful voyage in their self-built traditional wooden cruising yacht. This volume sees them travel from the Scottish Islands across to Ireland and down the Irish Sea to Cornwall and Brittany. A beautifully written and often funny book.
A beautiful coffee table book, with great images of the many types of vessels that operate on the Great Lakes, from the classic Whale Back designs, to the more modern bulk carriers, self unloaders and ‘super ships’. Many pictures of both American and Canadian ships.
Many people dream of sailing the world, even of circumnavigation. This is entirely plausible, but does require quite a bit of planning and effort. This series of blogs will look at the some of the resources that are available to plan long-distance trips. These blogs assume a certain level of technical and maritime proficiency, but are designed to help those who are new to long-distance cruising. This first blog will discuss the basic planning of Routes, and the recommended books for that task.
The first, and most important step, is developing an understanding of the realities of cruising- either at a local level, or sailing the world.
Trefethen addresses the important financial, social and practical questions of finding out whether cruising the world is a realistic possibility, a dream for the future, or the product of restlessness. After the feasibility of cruising is determined, he guides the reader through financial planning, the acquisition of the boat, and actually setting off on the cruise.
Once you’ve decided that you do want to go cruising, then it’s time to start planning where, and when. While cruising and sailing does seem to present an incredible opportunity for freedom of movement, the truth is that this is practically somewhat more limited. Just as driving from destination to destination is limited by road networks, ocean passages are likewise influenced by prevailing winds, and tidal cycles.
It is strongly encouraged to do some reading on the traditional cruising routes. This will teach about traditional departure points and landfalls, the benefits and drawbacks of each route. Books like Jimmy Cornell’s World Cruising Routes are really important because they provide this kind of information in a really easy to process, and understand way. They also do so in a way that makes multiple-leg journeys easier to plan. Some books, like the Cornell, or Admiralty Ocean Passages, or Rod Heikell’s Ocean Passages and Landfalls cover the entire globe. Other books are more focused, such as the Pacific Crossing Guide, from the RCC Pilotage Foundation.
When planning on a global scale the ability to move from any beginning point, to any end point, is rationalized into a system of routes defined by the beginning and ending ports. While strict adherence to the routes is not necessary, they do represent the distilled experience of decades- and in some cases, centuries of sailors. These routes have been shaped the dangers of the oceans in that larger voyages are often subdivided into shorter routes between landfalls. While these can add miles, they also provide advantages for cruisers.
Once you have figured out where you want to leave from, and go to, the next step is to learn about the ocean that you’ll be crossing. Pilot Atlases provide tons of information about tides, currents and winds. Examples that we often have in-store include Jimmy Cornell’s Ocean Atlas and James Clarke’s Atlantic Pilot Atlas. These are Pilot Atlases, which have an important feature not included in basic charts.
This is what a detail from a Pilot Atlas looks like, specifically Cornell’s Ocean Atlas.
What makes Pilot Atlases important is the wind and tide information that is included. The symbols seen in the photo to the left are known as ‘wind roses’. Each such wind rose represents the behaviour for a certain area. They show the distribution of the winds that prevail in that area from the eight cardinal points. The arrows fly with the wind, and their lengths show the percentage of the total number of observations in which the wind has blown from that cardinal point. The number of feathers shows the force of the wind, which has been recorded most frequently from that sector. The wind force is measured on the Beaufort scale, with each feather being equivalent to one unit of wind force. The green lines represent the currents for the observed period. This kind of information is critical for planning routes, expected durations, and logistical concerns. There are other books specifically on the subject of world or long-range cruising. For example, Jimmy Cornell’s World Voyage Planner is a great source for information on how to plan for a world voyage, and also provides information and concerns for different parts of the world. Luckily, there also a significant number of experienced cruisers who have written about preparing for world cruising. For example, Larry and Lynn Pardey‘s books cover a number of topics from financial concerns to how to feed and cook for a crew. Jimmy Cornell’s World Cruising Essentials: The Boats, Gear, and Practices that Work Best at Sea examines another important aspect- that of the boat itself.
Next time in this series of blogs, we’ll examine the resources needed for more detailed local planning: Cruising Guides, Pilot Guides and Charts.
We’ve heard scuttlebutt about some Lake Ontario boaters who have been charged for not carrying the proper charts. While the Canadian Shipping Act is very clear about what is required on large ships, it is less prescriptive for small boat operators. Although the law requires all marine vessels to carry charts, small boat operators are exempt as long as they have “local knowledge” of the area. It is the definition of “local knowledge” that is variable and can get the average mariner into trouble.
Whether it illegal or not to operate your boat without charts, mariners should always have at least a small-scale chart of the area they regularly boat in. And if in unfamiliar waters, charts are a helpful aid for keeping your boat out of trouble. In addition to maritime law and basic self-preservation, some boat insurance policies may also require current charts of the area you’re operating in.
We know that buying a ton of individual charts can be expensive. There is often a more economical solution. For example if you are boating on the Great Lakes, there is a Richardsons Chartbook for each lake that includes both the small-scale, large area charts and the more detailed charts. New editions are issued every few years. However, they may not be considered “proper charts” by the very strictest/most litigious authorities.
We list thousands of charts on our site, and have free PDF copies of the Canadian Hydrographic Service chart catalogues down the right-hand side of our chart pages. We keep our inventory fresh so are charts are always up-to-date, and we’ve had years of experience in chart selection and can help you choose the right compliment of charts for your needs, anywhere in the world. Have a look at the Chart section of our website, or call or email us for a tailored list.
The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the IMO met for from May 11th to 15th.
The MEPC adopted the environmental requirements of the Polar Code and associated MARPOL & SOLAS amendments to make the Code mandatory; adopted amendments to MARPOL related to tanks for oil residues; designated an extension to the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA); and furthered its work on implementation of air pollution and energy efficiency measures and the Ballast Water Management Convention.
The amendments will go into force January 1st, 2017. We’ll have them available as soon as they’re published. The IMO has published this Polar Code infographic for the mean-time.
Since about 1845, Canada has been celebrating May 24th, Queen Victoria’s Birthday. Following her death in 1901, it was officially named ‘Victoria Day’.
Queen Victoria was fond of the sea, and of yachting. During her reign, HM Yachts Victoria and Albert, Victoria and Albert II, and Victoria and Albert III were built, the last of which was commissioned in 1901, several months after the monarch’s death. Other Royal Yachts included the Fairy, Elfin, and Osborne. Queen Victoria also had a front-row seat for watching some of the most beautiful and fastest yachts of the late 19th century, as Osborne House in East Cowes on the Isle of Wight was a major royal residence during the Queen’s reign. It was a Royal retreat, and is telling that Victoria chose a holiday home by the sea.
Of course, the Victoria Day holiday is still closely associated with yachting, and the beginning of the summer sailing season (at least, when the lakes aren’t cold as ice).
This holiday weekend, the Store is open normal hours: Saturday 10-6 Sunday 12-5 Monday 10-5
Poets laureate of Toronto have described Eva H.D. as “the real deal” and “a punk“. She has sailed aboard the Europa, Mist of Avalon, and STV Pathfinder & TS Playfair. Here are two poems not included in her recent, excellent, Rotten Perfect Mouth published by Mansfield Press.
Filling up books with saltbound notions, the continent due south, while pointless thoughts shimmy on, past grasping; deckhands tie knots, yeast and beef waft from the galley, ocean water froths the prow, bunkmates put lotion on their hands, and the ship judders on, stots like a deer at the engine’s revving shocks. All around, the solid world’s in motion: a cup of tea, the deck, a pair of whales to port. All of it moves. I’m lost, of course in vindictive reveries, luffing sails, the seesaw of my imaginings. Force plays upon the rig, snaps air from my throat, drives us dawnward. My thoughts fly with the boat.
The Southern Cross was blazing like a shield. We drew imaginary lines straight down to the horizon, heading south. A field of fire, that sky. A kingdom and a crown. We fell asleep at sunrise, and awoke to stand watch in the briefest autumn squall. We peeled off rainsoaked coats. A rainbow broke the mat of cloud to puzzle pieces. All of us went Ah. Greater shearwaters flew white-masked in our wake. It touched the water at both ends, that rainbow. Banks of clouds blew West, screened sunset leaking shades of slaughter. The night sky belched out sheets of fluorescent light, and the new moon, a milky crescent.
At the Nautical Mind, we are pleased to be able to work with Canadian authors and publishers, and to promote books that explore and celebrate Canada’s maritime past and current existence. The Canadian Nautical Research Society is an organization that has the same goal. If you’re a fan of Canadian maritime history, then you’re sure to recognize the names of members like Barry Gough, Marc Milner, Richard Gimblett and Roger Sarty. If you’re an alumnus or former crew of STV St Lawrence II, STV Pathfinder or TS Playfair, then Maurice Smith is a living legend. There are many more members who are actively involved in maritime and nautical research at the global, national and local levels. We at the Nautical Mind would like to recognize the contribution of the Canadian Nautical Research Society, and its past and present members.
Originally established as the Canadian Society for the Promotion of Nautical Research, the Canadian Nautical Research Society was incorporated 25 October 1984 and achieved the status of a registered charity shortly thereafter. “Ties That Bind: the Roots of NASOH and the CNRS” gives some historical background to our early days as seen through the eyes of W.A.B Douglas, one of our founders and a past president of our Society.
The objectives of the Society are:
to promote nautical research in Canada
to disseminate the results of such research
and to encourage an awareness of Canada’s maritime heritage
the Jacques Cartier MA Prize in Maritime Affairs, to encourage graduate students at the Master’s level
the Gerry Panting Award, which is a bursary to a young scholar to attend the annual conference to present a paper, and
annually awards The Keith Matthews Awards — named in honour of the Society’s first President — to recognize outstanding publications in the field of nautical research.
The Nautical Mind’s shelves have hosted a large number of books authored, edited and compiled by CNRS members, including all of those named above. To recognize their contributions, such books are identified on our website. The current line-up of CNRS members’ books available at the store at this link to our website.
The Nautical Mind would like to thank author Kent Layton for this guest blog on the sinking of Lusitania, which occurred on 7 May, 1915. Kent’s new book, Lustania: An Illustrated Biography, will be available in early May.
On May 7, we will mark a full century’s passing since the loss of the Cunard liner Lusitania. On that Friday afternoon one hundred years ago, the east-bound liner happened across the path of a prowling German submarine, the U-20. Her commander fired a single torpedo at her without warning, and the results were nothing short of catastrophic.
It took only eighteen minutes for the ghastly affair to play out. The ship took an immediate list to starboard after the torpedo impact; a second and even larger explosion followed the first. Although its origins are not known precisely, the best evidence indicates the blast was caused by a catastrophic failure in her high-pressure steam-generating plant. Whatever its cause, the ship was already doomed. Because of the list and the speed with which the ship sank, launching the lifeboats became a nightmare scenario, with boat after boat falling from the davits into the sea, and in some cases into other boats which had already been lowered away. When all was said and done, 1,198 innocent men, women and children had perished in the event.
It took a mere eighteen minutes for the Lusitania to plunge to the seafloor, but her legacy has endured for a full century now. Today she is often remembered in the context of a ‘political football’, a pawn in a deadly war; yet in all of the rehashings of political intrigue, something of the actual human drama of that event has been lost, for it is difficult to remember the bodies of actual men, women and children when one is thinking about conspiracy theories.
Also tragic is the fact that the loss of the Lusitania has forever since overshadowed her life. One would think, reading through many histories of the Lusitania, that nothing much of interest happened to her between the time she entered service and took the Blue Riband speed prize as the ‘world’s fastest ship’, and the time she was sent to the bottom in 1915. Yet her life was filled with all sorts of tales of adventure and stories of personal interest.
It is important that we never forget the tragedy suffered by the Lusitania, and the lives lost on that day. It is also important that we remember the great history of that liner’s career in proper context. To my mind, doing both honors the memory of all of those who ever sailed on the Lusitania, including those who were aboard for her ultimate, and most horrific, crossing.