2015 has been a great year for new books that look at maritime history, the age of sail, exploration and discovery. This blog will look at a trio of new books on that subject which would be great additions to the library of anybody interested in those subjects.
In 2014, after many years of searching, HMS Erebus, one of the ships of John Franklin’s lost expedition to the Arctic (1845-1848) was finally located. This was achieved in the latest of series of joint expeditions between the Canadian Government, organizations such as Parks Canada, The Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Hydrographic Service, amongst others, and the Royal Canadian Geographic Society. This book is the official history of that 2014 expedition, and describes in loving detail the finding of the Erebus. It is filled with gorgeous photos, illustrations and maps that bring to life the original expedition, its disastrous end, and the efforts to find the Erebus and Terror. This is simply gorgeous, and important for anybody who is interested in Franklin’s expedition. Lead author John Geiger is CEO of the Royal Canadian Geographic Society and a Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society. He is also co-author of Frozen in Time: the Fate of the Franklin Expedition. Co-author Alanna Mitchell is an international award winning Journalist, and contributes to CBC Radio’s Quirks and Quarks on Oceanographic stories.
The famous voyage of the Beagle, from 1831-1836 has had intense repercussions on knowledge, religions and politics. While Darwin’s 1859 publication On the Origin of Species is an important scientific publication, Darwin’s journals are also incredibly important, especially to those interested in exploration and navigation. At the beginning of the voyage, Darwin was only 22 years old, and he was a product of a society that was starting to reckon with ‘modern’ science, and all its implications. This is an annotated, and illustrated version of Darwin’s journals from the voyage. Beautiful images, drawings, maps, illustrations, and photos provide context for Darwin’s entries, and bring the voyage to life. A palpable sense of excitement, wonder and discovery imbues this entire book.
In 1820, the whaleship Essex was sunk while whaling in the Pacific off of South America. Owen Chase was the first mate, and his memoir and tale of surivival would captivate many, and inspire Herman Melville to write Moby Dick. This book is a beautifully illustrated and annotated edition of Chase’s memoir. His story is reinforced through beautiful images, and amazing illustrations. This also includes selections from other maritime authors, such as Melville and Richard Henry Dana (who wrote Two Years Before the Mast). These selections emphasize the stark reality of whaling, as well as how inspirational memoirs such as these can be.
As we come into the Fall, and as boats come out of the water, peak reading season has arrived. In this blog, we’re going to look at some of the new books that we’ve received in the past few months and that we feel are excellent additions to your library, at home or aboard. First we’ll look at a few books we recommend that examine various aspects of sailing or cruising safety, in preparation for next season. The last three book are great fall or winter reads for those who love yacht and sailing ship design.
This is a great book that quite simply everybody who owns or skippers a boat should own, and read from cover to cover. Sailing is a matter of the execution of operations- and boats are designed for minimum, as well as optimum crew numbers to perform those operations. The reality is that very often, skippers do not have the optimum number of crew. This can happen when one is sailing with children, with inexperienced crew, or with crew who are partially or completely incapacitated due to illness or injury.
This book takes the basic operations that sailors have to do, such docking, anchoring, making and dousing sail, and provides detailed and illustrated instructions on how to do so single-handed, or with a sub-optimal number of crew.
This is a new book, published by the Pardeys, which addresses an important topic for many cruisers. It is very well written, very clear, and also well illustrated. The authors are experienced cruisers, providing some of the lessons that they have learned on their voyages with their children. This book starts with the conceptual consideration of voyaging with kids, to provide an understanding of the realities of it. From there, it moves to discuss every aspect of cruising with families, from choosing family-friendly boats, to every day life, provisioning, schooling, achieving privacy, and getting along with others in a confined space. It ends with a number of testimonials from a number of individuals who cruised when they were children. For those who are considering long-distance cruising with their families, this is a must-read.
Bodies of water are dangerous places. When you add movement, speed, and forces beyond control, they are even more dangerous. This book is designed so that sailors can identify, consider the dangers that they accept, and actively work to make their sailing experiences as safe as possible. The book is divided in to five sections: 1) Preparation 2) Boat Handling 3) Communications 4) Equipment and Maintenance 5) Emergencies. Each section is illustrated, and personal accounts highlight the dangers of each section. This is recommended for boat owners, skippers, and crew of all levels of experience.
Lewis Francis Herreshoff (1890-1972) was an American naval architect and author who was involved with design for the US Navy, in addition to designing racing yachts and cruising boats. His designs include the J Class Whirlwind, which was the American 1930 entry to the America’s Cup, the M class Istalena. He also designed beautiful vessels like the schooner Joann. He also wrote many books on building yachts, including The Compleat Cruiser and the Commonsense of Yacht Design. Herreshoff was incredibly influential, and two further books were published after his death. This is a beautiful biography, which particularly looks at how his personality and outlook influenced his designs. Includes many beautiful photographs.
In 1643, King Louis XIV ascended to the French throne at age five. In 1715, after seventy-two years on the throne, he was succeeded by his great-grandson. He attained his majority in 1654, and following the death of Cardinal Mazarin in 1661, implemented personal rule in France. For this entire time, Louis XIV was the man who dictate the course of Europe. Although famous for his use of his armies, the French navies during this period were technically, aesthetically the equal of any in Europe. This is an absolutely gorgeous book that examines the frankly neglected French navies of this period. JC Lemineur produces his volume after decades of research in the French archives. This was originally published in French as Le Vaissaux de Roi Soleil, and can also be ordered in French. This beautiful volume is published by Architecture Navale Classique Recherche Édition, and is a stunning continuation of that collection.
In the past several decades, Rif Winfield published four beautiful volumes which provided detailed and specific listings of the warships that served in the Royal Navy, during what is considered the ‘Age of Sail’. These volumes are essential reference guides for anybody who studies this period, and are sufficiently well written and clearly laid out that enthusiasts can also enjoy them. Thankfully, Winfield has continued his efforts, and is now addressing the French Navy. This period is one of change; it covers the end of the Ancien Regime, the Napoleonic Wars, and the long decades of peace that followed, prior to the introduction of the first steam powered warships. This book is filled with crisp drawings, paintings and other illustrations. It is a fitting addition to libraries and coffee tables, and you could spend hours poring through this book.
We first met Paul Howard, Fiona McCall, and their two children Penny and Peter, when they sailed into Toronto Harbour in 1988, after a five-year round-the-world voyage in their 29-foot junk-rigged craft Lorcha.
Crowds were on hand to greet them. Luckily for us, their publisher was on the ball, and we had copies on hand of their book All in the Same Boat. We promptly sold our 100 copies, as Paul and Fiona busied themselves greeting people and signing copies of their book. It was a memorable occasion.
Since then, we have followed the adventures of this extraordinary sailing couple, who are still out there doing it.
By Paul Howard & Fiona McCall
In October 2012 We sailed from Toronto on our 38foot Catamaran with a destination of the west coast: British Columbia and Southeast Alaska. Our plan was to head there directly, spend two seasons cruising that west coast, then cruise our way back to Toronto. We were not acquainted with cruising the west coast. Other than flying out a few times and knowing some people with boats, we had not spent any appreciable time on the water there. These were new cruising grounds to us, though we were seasoned cruisers in many other parts of the world.
We needed cruising guides and I like to have lots of information.When we have a destination I like to know the choices and reasons for going there. We arrived in Victoria, B.C. in May, 2013, and headed north, up the inside passage ofBritish Columbia, to Ketchican, Alaska, and returned south to leave the boat in Anacortes, Washington, to haul the b oat ashore in November.The following spring we returned to Anacortes in April to launch Carpe Diem and headed north again and carried on to Juneau, Alaska, and beyond to the Icy Straits and returned down the inside passage again visiting some favourite places and some not yet visited.Thus we made two round trips on this coast covering thousands of miles in a relatively short time, but nowhere nearly exhausting the list of harbours and anchorages.We sailed from Neah Bay at the tip of the Olympic Penninsula on the Strait of Juan de Fuca near Cape Flattery at the end of September, 2014, direct to San Francisco, following the recommendations in the Douglas Pacific Coast guide (see below).Following is a summary/review of the cruising guides we used that does not include land based guides such as Lonely Planet guides, etc.
Covers from the Puget Sound (Seattle, Washington area) through the complete British Columbia coast and across the Dixon Entrance to Ketchican, Alaska, the first port in Southeast Alaska.There is no equivalent guide for further north in Alaska even though the typical cruise in southeast Alaska is north to Juneau, Icy Straits and Glacier Bay.
This is an essential guide for this coast for its information on marinas, fuel stops and availability, grocery stores, liquor stores, hardware, etc.It is easy to read and well organized in logical sections with locator maps.There are lots of glossy photos and good pilotage information, though it is short on suggested anchorages outside of towns. The Douglass’s Exploring guides are often quoted in this text (see below).Updated annually.
Exploring guides, a series of guide books by Don Douglass & Reanne Hemingway-Douglas.
These are essential guides for travelling this coast. We are experienced cruisers and enjoy getting off the beaten path to lonely and isolated anchorages but also enjoy the occasional marina and town.For marinas and towns the Waggoner guide was all the info we needed.For everything and everywhere else our first reference was the Exploring series.The Douglass’s often quote sections of the government coastal pilot and then give additional detailed information from their own experience along with (in many cases) diagrams of anchorage entrances, rocks and kelp to avoid and just where to drop the hook.Wefollowed their directions religiously and never found an error in their recommendations.The guides are a pleasure to read and an invaluable reference.
These strip maps are another essential tool for navigating along this coast.When we began cruising up this coast we were not familiar enough with the geography to know major passages from minor passages.Referencing the charts and guides still left some guessing as to what particular island to go around on which side when going from one anchorage to the next, especially in the more isolated areas.These two strip maps give an orientation to the geography of the area in a way we did not find anywhere else.The alphabetised list with Lat/Long waypoints allows one to immediately locate any island, town, passage, mountain, anchorage, etc. and know its relative position to others.Essential reference for cruising this area.
Ports and Passes; Published by Ports and Passes.
Tide and current tables covering from Olympia, Washington, to Prince Rupert, British Columbia.
I like having a paper book with tides and currents.We used digital charts but also carried paper charts for the entire area. Digital chart programs give tide and current timing for state of tide and current direction for their coverage area.I find the annually updated paper books much more accurate that the digital chart tables that are electronically generated for decades.Also, I like being able to look up tides and currents for planning departure timing for the following morning without turning on a laptop or tablet.I did begin cruising in tidal areas on my own boat in 1975, so perhaps this is a generational issue.
I liked the Ports and Passes book for the accuracy of its information and for the extras it included, sort of like an almanac with information on the local area beyond the tide and current tables.You will note that the book does not cover north of Prince Rupert, British Columbia, just near the Alaska border.While in Alaska we used the digital and on-line information plus the small local give-away tide tables that are often a free-bee at fishing supply stores.I felt the lack of a comprehensive tide and current book in Alaska and would purhase the appropriate government publications if I go back there.Put Ports and Passes on the essential list.
As the title suggests, this book deals mainly, but not exclusively, with marine parks.We found it more useful in the Vancouver Island area, and the San Juan and Gulf Islands, though the book includes information up to Prince Rupert and the Dixon Entrance.There are few places to get ashore in the more islolated anchorages but marine parks always have a landing area and this book tells you where they are and what facilities are available.There are diagrams indicating anchorages and aerial photos and some anchorage waypoints but the Douglass books have more details and pilotage information.Some parks have floats and mooring bouys for inexpensive mooring (much less than marinas) and there are almost always places to anchor, too.There is an extensiveportion on the west coast of Vancouver Island, though we did not go there.The coverage of Haida Gwaii is minimal, both the Douglas and Waggoners is more useful there.The coverage does not extend into Alaska.Not essential, though it is useful and well organized.
Written mostly for kayakers and small powerboat cruisers who are tent camping in Haida Gwaii.The information is more relevant to those people than us cruising sailboats but does have good information on these fascinating islands.We loved Haida Gwaii and were awestruck when visiting the heritage villages and when speaking with the watchmen, the only inhabitants of those long abandoned homesites.Any and all information about this special area was eagerly studied.
We only purchased one vloume of this series of six cruising guides that cover the Canadian part of the northwest coast.They seemed to be more geared to inexperienced boaters who were not going very far or for very long, two week summer holidays or weekend cruising.The book has lots of drawings and capsule maps of towns with recommendations for restaurants and shopping.I grew impatient with the guide as I felt it was not intended for someone of our experience or the distances we intended to travel.The book does not contain as many or as varied anchorages as the Douglass books.It would be a good guide for local cruising or a companion to the Waggoners and Douglass guides if staying in one area for a period of time.
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This guest blog is from Lin Pardey, about Voyaging with Kids, a new book from Sara Dawn Johnson, Behan Gifford and Michael Robertson that the Pardeys are publishing. The overwhelmingly favorable reactions from early readers of Voyaging with Kids: a Guide to Family Life Afloat has prompted L&L Pardey Publications to create its first full colour book with interactive Ebook edition, to be released in October 2015. The website for the book can be found here.
A Thanksgiving dinner, a house full of friends, and voyagers from overseas, their children’s laughter ringing through the house: that is where Voyaging with Kids first entered my life.
During more than four decades of voyaging, no matter where we happened to be, Larry and I tried to recreate the unique feeling of this most American of holidays. And now that we had hung up our offshore sailing hats and moved ashore on a small island near Auckland, New Zealand, there was room to invite two dozen folks who needed a yearly turkey fix. Among the guests was Sara Johnson. We’d been exchanging emails for a few years. Just before she set off across the Pacific with her husband Michael and their two young daughters, Holly and Leah, I’d written, “Get here in time for Thanksgiving and we’ll have a mooring waiting for you.” As often happens, one kid boat seems to attract another, and on this evening six cruising kids had joined the celebrations. I watched them confidently fitting into a situation that was completely new and interacting comfortably with adults they had never met before, and I found myself wishing there was some way to encourage more folks to take their children away from so-called “normalcy” and let them experience the opportunities cruising could provide.
As the evening was winding down, Sara asked me a few questions about my publishing experience. She wondered if I could give her some guidance on a project she had in mind. A few weeks later we met for coffee. After briefly outlining the idea for this book, Sara told me the three authors were considering self-publishing. Over the next hour I outlined the pitfalls and advantages based on my experience of having the first seven books I’d written published by a major New York firm, then creating five more as an independent publisher. Then we switched to talking about ideas to expand the manuscript.
I drove off, headed to another appointment, and then, three blocks later, turned back. Sara was still at the café, just buying her daughters an after-school treat. “Sara, your idea has gotten me fired up,” I stated. “I would like to be your publisher.” It was at that moment that added this newest arrow to my eclectic career quiver. I switched from being a self-publisher to being a “real” publisher.
I was not the only person fired up by the manuscript these three hard-working authors created. The cruisers and ex-cruising kids who contributed sidebars and stories for this book, the editors and designers who helped bring it to fruition, and the early reviewers have all reacted the same way. This book has become for them, as it is for me, a special addition to cruising literature.
Since taking on this project, I have published two other nautical titles and hope to do more. I am dedicated to creating well-written and informative nautical books which will encourage others to enjoy the pleasures that can be found by independently exploring the waters of our world. I hope others are inspired and encouraged by Voyaging with Kids. And if it helps you set sail toward my part of the world in time for Thanksgiving, come on in for a taste of turkey.
This is the August Long Weekend- and so on Monday is (what is known in Toronto, only) as John Graves Simcoe Day. Interestingly, the rest of Ontario’s municipalities chose to not honour Upper Canada’s first Lieutenant-Governor in this way.
Simcoe is a fascinating character, with some tenuous but interesting maritime connections. He was born in 1752 in Northamptonshire, and died in 1806 in Exeter, in the West Country. His father was an officer in the Royal Navy, and was Captain of HMS Pembroke in 1758/59, during the campaign to capture New France/Quebec. During this time, the Pembroke‘s master was James Cook. The latter’s efforts during this period resulted in him spending several years charting the coasts of Newfoundland, and was then employed on three famous voyages of exploration.
Simcoe, despite his father’s example, did not go into the Royal Navy. After education at Exeter Grammar School and Eton, he spent a year at Oxford before being accepted to Lincoln’s Inn. From there, he joined the 35th Regiment of Foot as an Ensign. That regiment was deployed to the American colonies. He saw much combat in the American Revolutionary War. He was offered command of the Queen’s Rangers. After being invalided back to Great Britain following Yorktown, he recuperated at the house of his godfather, Admiral Samuel Graves, and in 1782 married Graves’ ward Elizabeth Gwillim. Following the end of the war, in 1787 he published A Journal of the Operations of the Queen’s Rangers from the end of the year 1777 to the conclusion of the late American War. This was followed by his election as an MP.
The Constitution Act of 1791 divided Canada into Upper and Lower Canada, and Simcoe served as the first Lieutenant-Governor from 1792 to 1798, although poor health forced him to return to England in 1796. During his brief time in Canada, he was largely responsible for the ending of slavery in Upper Canada in 1793 with the Act Against Slavery, for the creation of the Queen’s York Rangers regiment, and the building of Yonge St (from York to Lake Simcoe) and Dundas St (from York to London, Ontario). Following his return to England, he further served in military operations in Haiti, and then died before being able to take up duties as Governor of India.
While Simcoe did not have a personal involvement with the Navy or sailing, between his family connection, his time spent in the West Country, and his deployments away from England he would have certainly have spent quite a bit of time aboard ship.
This past month, we’ve received some fantastic new books that we’d like to share with you.
Salt, Sweat, Tears: The Men Who Rowed the Oceans Talk about adventure, endurance, and self-discovery–for more than 70 days, Rackley and his rowing partner James Arnold ate, slept, and rowed in a 7-metre by 2-metre boat, the 268th crew to cross the Atlantic by rowing. The first, Norwegian fishermen George Harbo and Frank Samuelsen, rowed 2,500 miles in a wooden fishing dory in 1896 (their 55-day record stood for 114 years). Rackley’s account shares insights and details from his own and other amazing attempts.
After Nicholas Heiney committed suicide at 23, his father (BBC and ITV host) Paul Heiney decided to sail on a voyage to Cape Horn. NIcholas had been an experienced sailor, and had written on the subject as well. In addition to facing severe challenges over his voyage, Paul grappled with the emotional task of facing a future without his son. This story of that voyage begins with insurmountable grief, and ends with something approach peace of mind.
Most sailing technique books assume a crew of 3 or 4, all willing to lend a hand. Wells, however, covers the most common sailing scenarios where anyone cruising has found themselves shorthanded—from couples with young children to be supervised by one partner, to deliveries alone. He provides clever, original techniques and solutions for dealing with the huge variety of essential operations on a boat—from sail setting and reefing, to picking up mooring buoys in a variety of wind and tide situations, anchoring, berthing and leaving a pontoon shorthanded, picking up a man overboard, sailing in fog and heavy weather—and even going up the mast. Organized into techniques for different cruising scenarios, the book features step by step sequential photos showing exactly how to approach each situation and carry out the task in hand.
On November 29. 2014, while participating in the 2014 Volvo Ocean Race, Team Vestas Wind ran aground on the Cargardos Carajos Shoal in the Indian Ocean. This was a widely seen event, and resulted in the near-loss of the boat. A week after the disaster, navigator Wouter Verbraak put a blog post online and admitted fault. This book details the disaster but is also a discussion on issues that cross boundaries, like navigating team dynamics and decision-making. This is a beautifully designed book, filled with photos of the Team Vestas Wind, the race, and the aftermath of the wreck.
From the Arctic to the Caribbean, tiny plankton to enormous whales, sandy beaches to the depths of the oceans, this visual reference brings our marine environment to life with stunning images and expertly researched text. Ages 8 and up.
In the previous two entries, we have discussed the planning documents, and charts and cruising guides that are necessary for sailing the world. In this entry, we will examine some of the reference books and guides that we strongly recommend to cruisers. When sailing the world- or even when doing relatively shorter cruises for example on the Great Lakes, or in the Caribbean, it is important that cruisers have resources available to allow them to deal with immediate problems and ongoing concerns. Having reference books aboard as part of the boat’s library allows the crew to deal with most problems quickly, as well as an ability to troubleshoot problems to see if more help is required.
On any cruise, injuries are going to happen. It is always a good idea to have a first aid or emergency medical reference guide on hand. With a fair few choices, it’s a good idea to have a look at the various options, and decide which one you think is clearest. One option is Douglas Justin’s First Aid at Sea. Jurgen Hauert’s Doctor on Board is very detailed and clear, and written for non-medical professionals. There is also a Captain’s Quickguide and a First Aid Companion reference card available.
Weather Reference Books
On every cruiser, sailors have to deal with weather. On trips of longer duration, being able to recognize, prepare for, and deal with weather becomes especially important. Often, it’s possible to receive the Marine Forecast, but other times it’s necessary for sailors to be able to interpret the signs. It is important to be able to do this quickly and there are a number of reference guides designed to help sailors, for example the Captain’s Quick Guide, a series from Alan Watts comprised of books on Weather, Wind and Storm forecasting, or a forecasting Quick Reference card. Another excellent title is Weather for Sailors from North U and Bill Biewenga. We also recommend the Captain’s Quick Guide for Heavy Weather Sailing.
Information, and more importantly, knowing where to find that information, is critically important to sailing around the world. We hope that this series of blogs helps you find the information you need to plan and execute your dream trip.
This is the second in a series of blogs, discussing the necessary planning required before sailing around the world. In the previous entry, we looked at guides for more general planning, such as which routes to choose. This entry will look at resources for local planning, specifically charts, chartbooks, sailing directions, pilot and cruising guides. There’s quite a bit of terminology there, and we’re going to do our best to clear things up.
Charts and Chartbooks
First of all, whats the difference between a map, and a chart? A map is a static, intended to be a reference document, and is focused on the land features. In comparison, a chart is a living, working document, and is intended for navigation. Further, maps provide details of surface routes, where as charts provide information about subsurface conditions and hydrography that are necessary for maritime navigation.
Charts have traditionally been the product of surveys by government agencies, such as the Hydrography Office in the UK, the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and the American National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. These agencies were responsible for the creation of the charts, and also for printing them, and selling them through Chart Agents, such as our store. In some cases, like in Canada, this remains true. However, governments are increasingly out-sourcing responsibility for the printing of charts to private companies.
No matter who publishes them, each individual chart is part of a numbered series. To find out what charts you need, it is necessary to examine chart catalogues. For other agencies, such as UK Admiralty charts, it is necessary to look at the chart catalogue produced by Imray Norie. Once you know what charts you need, you can call the store and tell us (by number) which charts you need. Of course, we also have chart catalogues in the store so if you’re not quite sure what charts you need, we can help you find them.
One of the side-effects of the outsourcing of chart-printing is the proliferation of chart books. Chart books gather together a series of charts, often in a more functional form factor for cruisers. Where a chart is often 108 x 72 cm unfolded, chartbooks are a more manageable, usually about half the size. Technically, chart books do not contain charts, rather they contain very high resolution photographs of charts. As such, there is a warning at the beginning of chartbooks that they are not to be used for navigation. This is a legally required statement. Practically, chartbooks are functionally identical to charts, and (in the vast majority of cases) will satisfy the legal requirement to carry charts.
As the maritime environment changes, information on charts does go out of date. It is really important to check the date of publication for the charts that you purchase, and to acquire the appropriate Notices to Mariners that provide update information for charts. These are notices published by government services, and are usually free. Examples include the Canadian, American and British Notices to Mariners.
Sailing Directions/Pilots & Cruising Guides
These types of documents are very important to local-level planning, as well as cruising. Sailing Directions and Pilot Guides are actually the same type of document, and the difference is that they are the North American and British terms, respectively. These types of documents “include detailed coastal and port approach information, supplementing the largest scale chart of the area.“
Both Sailing Directions/Pilots and Cruising Guides provide the same kind of basic information for specific areas, specifically ports and their approaches. The difference in content is a result of authorship, rather than intention per se. Sailing Directions/Pilots are published by governments organizations or corporations in order to provide the necessary information for safe passage. As such, they will include things like photos of the approach to a harbour, safe courses, documents required to cruise in an area, radio channel and light lists.
Cruising Guides are written (often by cruisers) for cruisers. As such, they contain much more information that could be classified as ‘touristy’. This includes things like local attractions and amenities near marinas, and activities suitable for children. Where Sailing Directions/Pilots tend to be updated infrequently (and mostly through Notices to Mariners, as above), many cruising guides are updated on an annual basis. In both cases, it is necessary to make sure that you have acquired the most up-to-date versions available.
When choosing what sailing directions and cruising guides to carry, it is important to examine the available options. For example, at the Nautical Mind we carry at least three different sets of cruising guides for the Great Lakes in addition to the Sailing Directions. Additionally, for some areas, the line between Sailing Directions and Cruising Guides is blurred by, for example, Rod and Lucinda Heikell’s books which are extremely detailed and can provide the adequate level of information. Further, some cruising guides are very detailed, and cover a smaller area while others discuss a larger region. With so many available options, taking the time to find the right level of detail and topics will certainly be a good investment of your time.
In the next blog post in this series, we will look at the type of reference books and guides that cruisers should have on-hand when cruising long-distance.