Simulated Electronic Navigation- Management Level (SIM II) Exam Guide

The examination consists of a simulated exercise conducted by Marine Safety to candidates who have successfully completed the SEN 2 course. The objective is to determine that the student has sufficient knowledge, understanding and proficiency to make appropriate decisions in complex navigational situations, to manage the bridge watchkeeping team and to comply with the Bridge Watchkeeping arrangements and principles to be observed set out in STCW Regulation VIII/2 and STCW Code Section A-VIII/2.  In a simulated environment, the student will assume the duties and responsibilities of the master aboard ships having specified manoeuvring characteristics. Using the necessary instruments and publications, the student will prepare and execute a voyage. During a SIM2 examination, two candidates will be in each cubicle: one student will act as master and the other as O.O.W. The candidate acting as master will be assessed during the exam. The voyage planning is of a one and a half to three hours duration. To be completed ahead of simulator examination. The simulator examination is of a two hours duration. The detailed syllabus of the SEN 2 course is presented in TP 4958 (English PDF or French PDF), Simulated Electronic Navigation courses.

Knowledge and Ability Required
CompetencePlan a voyage and conduct navigation
Voyage planning and navigational bridge preparationPlan and prepare a passage plan
Select charts and lay off courses for a voyage of approximately 20 nautical miles; Mark alter course and wheel over positions; Mark positions of danger areas in the proximity of the intended track; Mark traffic Calling-In-Points (C.I.P.) and distance to next C.I.P.; Indicate positions where a change of machinery status will be required; Provide parallel indexing information on the chart or information on the elements used to construct an ARPA graphic map; Identify on the chart the radar datum chosen for parallel indexing; Time of H.W./L.W. and information on tidal currents; Pilotage information if applicable; Total distance and steaming time at proposed speed.Navigator’s notebook:
Passage plan information also to be found in a navigator’s notebook.Bridge preparation
Setting up of navigating instruments, radars and ARPAs; Navigation lights and sound signals to be used as necessary; Status of engine, steering and other controls as the case may be to be ascertained.
Execution of the VoyageChartwork and pilotage
Use blind pilotage techniques ; Maintain regular position fixing; Apply set and drift or leeway as required; Adjust course and speed after departure from original as necessary; Use parallel index techniques during passage and anchoring or when taking pilots, etc.Traffic Assessment and Collision Avoidance
Assess targets (by use of relative motion plot, or ARPA); Evaluate navigational information derived from all sources, including radar and ARPA, in order to make and implement command decisions for collision avoidance in accordance with Collision Regulations and for directing the safe navigation of the ship.Exercise Specific Conditions
Demonstrate ability in manoeuvring ship – stopping – anchoring; Using traffic separation scheme and Vessel Traffic Services (V.T.S.); complying with Harbor Regulations; responding to onboard emergencies, person overboard and Search and Rescue (SAR) operations; Demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the procedures contained in IMO International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue manual (IAMSAR).

Use of radio
Communicate adequately with Vessel Traffic Services (V.T.S.) as required; communicate with other vessels as appropriate using recognized radio procedures and international maritime vocabulary.

Aids to navigation
Use navaids and as appropriate, all available electronic navigation instruments including ARPA; Appreciate the inter- relationship and optimum use of all navigational data available for conducting navigation; Appreciation of system errors and thorough understanding of the operational aspects of modern navigational systems, including radar and ARPA.

Overall Comprehension and debriefingOverall comprehension of the exercise (in debriefing); Justify all actions taken during the exercise according to the Collision regulations, all other applicable regulations and the ordinary practice of seamen; Understanding the use of electronic navaids and associated errors (including ARPA).

 Recommended Books

ECDIS Basics
Captain Ralph Becker-Heins

Practical hands-on knowledge in the operational use of electronic chart display and information systems (ECDIS). The guide gives an overview of the principles of ECDIS navigation

ECDIS Passage Planning

2nd ed. The book provides clearly structured guidelines for safely carrying out voyage planning on electronic charts (ECDIS). Incorporating the fundamental components of passage planning while meeting the new challenges of using ECDIS as a planning tool. Provides practical guidance to assist the navigator through the appraisal and planning stages.

The Electronic Chart: Fundamentals, Functions, Data and Other Essentials
Horst Hecht & Bernhard Berking

3rd ed. revised. The latest developments in ECDIS navigation aimed at masters and mates, ship owners, navigation teachers and students, and manufacturers of navigational equipment. Topics include: system configuration, electronic chart data format-both vector and raster, data structure and data storage, integration of ECDIS with GPS, radar, AIS, and track-control systems, navigational functions, safety aspects, and more. Includes CD-ROM “Try ECDIS” which contains an ECDIS trainer and a ship voyage simulator.

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